ENGL20322 Anglo-Saxon Woman Bibliography
Bradley, S. A. J., Anglo-Saxon Poetry (London, 1982).
CONTAINS SET TEXTS: BUY
Donovan, L. A., Women Saints= Lives in Old English prose (Cambridge, 1999) SET TEXT: BUY
1. Introduction: Anglo-Saxon Woman and feminist studies; finding women; interdisciplinarity
Fell, C., Clark, C. and Williams, E. Women in Anglo-Saxon England and the impact of 1066 (London, 1984).
Hollis, S., Anglo-Saxon Women and the Church (Woodbridge, 1992).
Okasha, E. Women’s names in Old English (Farnham, 2012)
Owen-Crocker, G. R., Dress in Anglo-Saxon England: revised and enlarged edition (Woodbridge, 2004).
Stafford, P., Queen Emma and Queen Edith: queenship and women=s power in eleventh-century England (Oxford, 1997).
Stoodley, Nick, The Spindle and the Spear: a critical enquiry into the construction and meaning of gender in the early Anglo-Saxon burial rite, BAR British Series, 288 (Oxford, 1999).
http://www.pase.ac.uk/index.html the website for The Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England (PASE) database
2. The face of her people: Pagan woman AND Woman’s work:
Barber, E. W. Women’s work: the first 20,000 years. Women, cloth and society in early times (London, 1994). NOT ANGLO-SAXON MATERIAL BUT A FASCINATING BOOK ABOUT WOMEN=S TRADIONAL ROLE AS CLOTH MAKER
Dickinson, Tania M., ‘An Anglo-Saxon “cunning woman” from Bidford-on-Avon, in M.Carver (ed.), In search of cult: archaeological investigations in honour of Philip Rahtz, University of York Archaeological Papers (Woodbridge, 1993), pp. 45-54, reprinted in C. E. Karkov, (ed.), The Archaeology of Anglo-Saxon England: basic readings, Basic Readings in Anglo-Saxon England, 7 (New York and London, 1999)
Lucy, S. J., >Housewives, warriors and slaves? Sex and gender in Anglo-Saxon burials=, in J. Moore and E. Scott (ed.), Invisible People and Processes (Leicester, 1997), pp. 150-68.
Meaney, A. L., Anglo-Saxon Amulets and Curing Stones, British Archaeological Reports, British Series, 96 (1981).
Owen-Crocker, G. R., Dress in Anglo-Saxon England: revised and enlarged edition (Woodbridge, 2004).
Owen-Crocker, G. R., ‘Anglo-Saxon woman: fame, anonymity, identity and clothing’ Dress and Identity in the Past, ed. Mary Harlow, Oxford, Archaeopress, pp. 85-96
Pader, E.-J., Symbolism, Social Relations and the Interpretation of Mortuary Remains, British Archaeological Reports, International Series, 130 (1982).
Stoodley, Nick, The Spindle and the Spear: a critical enquiry into the construction and meaning of gender in the early Anglo-Saxon burial rite, BAR British Series, 288 (1999).
Walton Rogers, Penelope, Cloth and Clothing in Early Anglo-Saxon England, AD, 450-700, CBA Research Report 145, York, Council for British Archaeology, 2007.
Webster, Leslie, Anglo-Saxon Art, London, 2011.
3. Exhibiting the faith: Conversion period woman AND Ecclesiastical power: Nuns, abbesses, missionaries
Dockray-Miller, M., Motherhood and mothering in Anglo-Saxon England (Oxford, Blackwell, 2000)
Fell, C. >Some implications of the Boniface correspondence=, in H. Damico and A. H. Olsen (ed.), New Readings on Women in Old English Literature (Bloomington and Indianapolis, 1990), pp. 29-43.
Foote, Sarah, ‘Unveiling Anglo-Saxon Nuns’, in Women and Religion in Medieval England, ed. Diana Wood, Oxford, Oxbow, 2003, pp. 13-31.
Harlow, Mary, >Female into male won=t go! Gender and early Christian asceticism=, in Jenny Moore and Eleanor Scott, Invisible People and processes, Leicester, 1997, pp. 169-77.
Hollis, S., Anglo-Saxon Women and the Church (Woodbridge, 1992)
Kylie, E., trans. The English Correspondence of St Boniface (London, 1911).
Olsen, A. H. >Eadburg, Lioba, Berhtgyth and others; women associated with Boniface=, http://www.umilta.net/boniface.html
Ward, B., >To my dearest sister: Bede and the educated woman=, in L. Smith and J. Taylor (ed.), Women, the Book and the Godly: Selected Proceedings of the St Hilda=s Conference, 1993, I (Cambridge, 1995).
Yorke, B., Nunneries and the Anglo-Saxon Royal Houses (London, 2002).
4. Literary Imaginings: virgin and saint
Leslie A. Donovan, ed., Women Saints’ Lives in Old English Prose, Cambridge, D. S. Brewer, 1999.
Bede’s accounts of St Etheldreda and St Hilda in his Ecclesiastical History. There are translations by Colgrave and Mynors and by Sherley-Price in the Penguin Classics series.
Also look at
Herren, Michael and Lapidge, Michael, ed., Aldhelm, The Prose Works, Woodbridge, Boydell and Brewer, 2009.
Bernau, Anke, Sarah Salih, and Ruth Evans, ed., Medieval Virginities, Cardiff,
University of Wales Press, 2003.
Bynum, Caroline Walker, Holy Feast and Holy Fast: The Religious Significance of Food to Medieval Women, Berkeley, University of California Press, 1987.
Chenard, Marianne Alicia Malo, Narratives of the saintly body in Anglo-Saxon England, PhD thesis Notre Dame, Indiana, December 2003
Hollis, Stephanie, Anglo-Saxon Women and the Church: Sharing a Common Fate, Woodbridge, Boydell Press, 1992.
Magennis, Hugh, ‘“No Sex Please, We’re Anglo-Saxons”? Attitudes to Sexuality in Old English Prose and Poetry’, Leeds Studies in English, new series 26 (1995), 1-27.
Ortenberg, Virginia, ‘Virgin Queens: Abbesses and Power in Early Anglo-Saxon England’, in Belief and Culture in the Middle Ages: Studies Presented to Henry Mayr-Harting, ed. Richard Gameson and Henrietta Leyser, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2001, 59-68.
Rosser, Susan, ‘Æthelthryth: A Conventional Saint?’ Bulletin of the John Rylands University Library of Manchester 73, no. 3 (1997), 15-24.
Szarmach, Paul E. , Holy Men and Holy Women: Old English Prose Saints’ Lives and Their Contexts, Albany, State University of New York Press, 1996.
5 Woman in heroic poetry: Beowulf and Judith
Women in Beowulf:
Wealhtheow lines 612-641; 662-665; 1162-1231;
Hildeburh lines 1063-1159
Hygd lines 1925-1931, 2172-2176, 2356-2379
Freawaru lines 2020-2069
Modthryth or Thryth lines 1930-1962
The anonymous woman mourner lines 3137-3155
Grendel’s mother (a monster woman) lines 1251-1306, 1345-1382, 1492-1590, 2117-2143
Students who have not already studied Beowulf can read it in translation in Bradley
Bonjour, A., The Digressions in Beowulf, Oxford, 1965
George, J.-A., Beowulf: a reader’s guide to essential criticism, London, 2010
Hill, J., ‘“Þæt wæsgeomuru ides”: a female stereotype examined’, in Helen Damico and Alexandra Hennesey Olsen, ed., New Readings on Women in Old English Literature, Bloomington and Indianapolis, Indiana University Press, 1990, pp. 235-247.
Irving, E. B., A Reading of Beowulf, New Haven, 1968, contains a wonderful analysis of Wealhtheow’s speech to Hrothgar.
Owen-Crocker, G. R., The Four Funerals in Beowulf: and the structure of the poem, Manchester, 2000, pp. 217-228.
Text and (old fashioned) translation distributed
Chance, J., Woman as Hero in Old English Literature, Syracuse, NY, 1986
Godden, Malcolm, ‘Biblical Literature: the Old Testament’, in Malcolm Godden and Michael Lapidge, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Old English Literature, Cambridge 1991, pp. 206-26, esp. pp. 220-2
Greenfield, S. B., A Critical History of Old English Literature, London, 1965
Timmer, B. J., ed., Judith, 2nd ed. London 1961 (includes theVulgate text)
Wrenn, C. L., A Study of Old English Literature, London, 1967
6. Elene and Juliana
Texts translated in full in Bradley
Bjork, Robert E., The Old English Verse Saints’ Lives: a study in direct discourse and the iconography of style, Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 1985.
Chance, Jane, Woman as Hero in Old English Literature, Syracuse, University Press, 1986.
Hill, Thomas D., ‘Sapiental structure and figural narrative in the Old English Elene’, Traditio 27 (1971), 159-77.
Klein, Stacy S., ‘Reading queenship in Cynewulf’s Elene’, Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 33.1 (2003), 47-89.
Lionarons, Joyce Tally, ‘Cultural syncretism and the construction of gender in Cynewulf’s Elene’ Exemplaria 10.1 (1998), 51-68.
Olsen, Alexandra Hennessey, ‘Cynewulf’s autonomous women’: a reconsideration of Elene and Juliana’, in New Readings on Women in Old English Literature, ed. Helen Damico and Alexandra Hennessey Olsen, Bloomington, Indiana University Press 1990, 222-32.
7. An appealing Eve: Genesis B
Text and translation distributed. The rest of Genesis B, but not the part relating to Eve, is translated in Bradley. Do read it for contextual information.
Genesis chapters 1-3 in the Vulgate version, which you can find in English translaton on http://vulgate.org/
Doane, A. N. ed., The Saxon Genesis, Madison, University of Wisconsin Press, 1991, pp. 139-53
Karkov, Catherine E., Text and Picture in Anglo-Saxon England: narrative strategies in the Junius 11 manuscript, Cambridge, University Press, 2001.
Renoir, A., ‘Eve=s I.Q. rating: two sexist views of Genesis B’, in H. Damico and A. H. Olsen, ed., New Readings on Women in Old English Literature, Bloomington and Indianapolis, Indiana University Press, 1990, pp. 262-72.
There are facsimile editions of the Junius manuscript in:
Gollancz, I., The Cædmon Manuscript of Anglo-Saxon Biblical Poetry, Junius XI in the Bodleian Library (Oxford, 1927).
Ohlgren, T. H. (ed.), Anglo-Saxon Textual Illustration: photographs of sixteen manuscripts with descriptions and index (Kalamazoo, MI, 1992).
8. Grief: elegiac poetry and the conventions of art
Most of the images shown in the lecture are contextualised and discussed in:
Backhouse, Janet, D.H. Turner and Leslie Webster, The Golden Age of Anglo-Saxon Art, London, The British Museum Press, 1984
Temple, Elsbieta, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts 900-1066, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 2, London, Harvey Miller, 1976
Webster, Leslie, Anglo-Saxon Art: a new history, London, The British Museum Press, 2012
Wilson, D. M., Anglo-Saxon Art from the seventh century to the Norman Conquest (London, Thames and Hudson, 1984)
The crucifixion is discussed in:
Raw, Barbara C. Anglo-Saxon Crucifixion Iconography and the Art of the Monastic revival, Cambridge, University Press, 1990
The Virgin Mary is discussed in:
Clayton, Mary, The Cult of the Virgin Mary in Anglo-Saxon England, Cambridge,University Press, 1990
Wulf and Eadwacer and The Wife’s Lament
Adams, J. C. ‘Wulf and Eadwacer: an interpretation’, Modern Language Notes, 73, 1958, 1-5
Baker, Peter S., ‘The ambiguity of Wulf and Eadwacer’, Studies in Philology78, 1981, 39-51
Belenoff, Patricia A., ‘Woman’s language: Wulf and Eadwacer and The Wife’s Lament’, in Damico and Olsen, New Readings, 193-203
Chance, Jane, ‘The errant woman as Scop in Wulf and Eadwacer and The Wife’s Lament’, in Jane Chance, Woman as Hero, 6-94
Frankis, P. J., ‘Deor and Wulf and Eadwacer; some conjectures’, Medium Ævum, 31, 1962, 161-75
Greenfield, Stanley B., ‘Wulf and Eadwacer: all passion pent’, Anglo-Saxon England 15, 1985, 5-14
Harris, Joseph, ‘A note on eorðscæf/eorðsele and current interpretations of The Wife’s Lament’, English Studies 58, 1977, 204-8
Johnson, Lee A., ‘The narrative structure of The Wife’s Lament’, English Studies 52, 1971, 497-501
Klinck, Anne L., The Old English Elegies a critical edition and genre study, Montreal and Kingston, McGill-Queens University Press, 1992. Read the relevant parts of the Introduction, the notes to the two poems and Part III, Genre Study.
Lucas, Angela, M., ‘ The narrator of The Wife’s Lament reconsidered’, Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 70, 1969, 282-97
Malone, Kemp, ‘Two Old English frauenlieder’, Comparative Literature 14, 1962, 106-17
Pulsiano, Philip and Wolf, Kirsten, ‘The “Hwelp” in Wulf and Eadwacer’, English Language Notes 28, 1991, 1-9
Text: Wynflæd’s will (supplied)
Coatsworth, Elizabeth. “Cushioning Medieval Life: Domestic textiles in Anglo-Saxon England.” Medieval Clothing and Textiles 3, 2007, 1-12
Fell, C., Clark, C. and Williams, E. Women in Anglo-Saxon England and the impact of 1066i, London, 1984.
Keynes, Simon and Lapidge, Michael, ed. & trans., Alfred the Great, London, 1983.
Owen, Gale R., ‘Wynflæd’s wardrobe’, Anglo-Saxon England, 8, 1979, pp. 195-222
Owen-Crocker, Gale R. ‘Anglo-Saxon women: the art of concealment’, Leeds Studies in English, 33, 2002, pp. 31-51
Richards, Mary P. and Stanfield, B. Jane, ‘Concepts of Anglo-Saxon Women in the Laws’, in New Readings on Anglo-Saxon Women in Old English Literature, ed. Helen Damico and Alexandra Hennessey Olsen, Bloomington and Indianapolis, 1990, pp. 89-99.
Stafford, Pauline, ‘The King’s Wife in Wessex, 800-1066’, in New Readings on Anglo-Saxon Women in Old English Literature, ed. Helen Damico and Alexandra Hennessey Olsen, Bloomington and Indianapolis, 1990, pp. 56-78.
Wainwright, F. T. ‘Æthelflæd, Lady of the Mercians’, in New Readings on Anglo-Saxon Women in Old English Literature, ed. Helen Damico and Alexandra Hennessey Olsen, Bloomington and Indianapolis, 1990, 44-55
Whitelock, Dorothy, Anglo-Saxon Wills, Cambridge, 1930
AND OF COURSE the PASE website: http://www.pase.ac.uk/index.html
10. Queen Edith and Queen Emma
Barlow, Frank, ed. and trans, The Life of King Edward who rests at Westminster, revised ed, Oxford, 1992. Note, the Edith passages are not included in the first edition.
Campbell, Alistair, Encomium Emmae Reginae, Royal Historical Society, Camden 3rd series, 72, 1949
Owen-Crocker, Gale R., ‘Pomp, piety and keeping the woman in her place: the dress of Cnut and Ælfgifu-Emma’, Medieval Clothing and Textiles, 1, 2005, pp. 41-52
Stafford, Pauline, Queen Emma and Queen Edith: queenship and women’s power in eleventh-century England,Oxford, 1997.
Barlow, Frank, The Godwins: the rise and fall of a noble dynasty, Harlow, 2002.
Higham, N. J., ‘Harold Godwinesson: the construction of kingship’ in Gale R. Owen-Crocker, ed., King Harold II and the Bayeux Tapestry, Woodbridge, 2005, pp. 19-34.
Howard, Ian, ‘Harold II; a throne-worthy king’ kingship’ in Gale R. Owen-Crocker, ed., King Harold II and the Bayeux Tapestry, Woodbridge, 2005, pp. 35-52.
11. Sexuality and Marriage
Clunies Ross, M., ‘Concubinage in Anglo-Saxon England’, Past and Present 108 (1985), 3-34.
Elliott, D., Spiritual Marriage: Sexual Abstinence in Medieval Wedlock, Princeton, NJ & Chichester, Princeton University Press, 1993; much of this text relates to the later medieval period but it does also cover the Anglo-Saxon period.
Fischer, A., Engagement, Wedding and Marriage in Old English, Heidelberg, Winter, 1986; this text is a linguistic/semantic study of the Old English vocabulary relating to marriage.
Horner, S., ‘The Language of Rape in Old English Literature and Law: Views from the Anglo-Saxon(ist)s’, Sex and Sexuality in Anglo-Saxon England: Essays in Memory of Daniel Gillmore Calder Tempe, AZ, Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies 2004, pp. 149-81.
McCarthy, C., Marriage in Medieval England: Law, Literature and Practice, Woodbridge: Boydell, 2004; this work covers the whole medieval period.